Food Colors And Nutrition


Fruits and vegetables with different colors usually have different type of nutrients for human body. Common foods with green colors include green apples, celery, cabbage, cauliflower, green peppers, spinach, chrysanthemum, cucumber, Kiwi, broccoli, etc. The main nutrients included in green leaf plants are the vitamin family including vitamin C and vitamin B family. They also contain some beta carotene and a variety of micro minerals. Nutritionists found that frequent consumption of broccoli, cabbage, broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables can bring great benefit to the health. These vegetables all contain sulforaphane and thiocyanate which can provide protection for the heart and prevent the formation of cancer cells. They can also help to enhance the immune system and clear harmful bacteria accumulated beside lungs which can enhance the risk of tuberculosis.


Common yellow fruits and vegetables include oranges, mandarins, bananas, grapefruit, mango, apricot, pineapple, lemon, papaya, cantaloupe, carrots, pumpkin, etc. The main nutrients included in these fruits are the carotenoids and vitamin E. Researches found that fruits and vegetables rich in beta carotene and can help to maintain the beauty of the skin. The protein contained on the pumpkin skin has antibiotic properties which can inhibit the growth of Candida albicans.

Common red/purple fruits and vegetables inlcude tomatoes, cabbage, Hawthorn, mulberry, cherry, watermelon, strawberry, bolt, carrot, red (purple) grape etc. The main nutrients contained in these plants are the anthocyanins and carotenoids. It is found that lycopene is very helpful to prevent prostate cancer.

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Image provided By Paolo Neo [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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